Health

What Is Depression | Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Nowadays, depression is quite a big issue on this planet. Most of the people in this world suffer from depression for various reasons. So, it’s ok to say it’s a big issue. Now, how can you identify that you are suffering from depression? Well, to do that, you just need to know its signs, cause, etc.

Definition of Depression

Depression is actually a mood disorder, which includes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. However, it is dissimilar from the mood variations that people regularly experience as a part of life. Well, it can be caused by major life events, such as grief or the loss of a job, which can lead to Trusted Source depression. Moreover, doctors only consider feelings of grief to be part of depression if they persist.

Nowadays, depression is an ongoing problem, not a passing one. It contains episodes during which the signs last for at least two weeks. Furthermore, depression can last for several weeks, months, or years.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms?

Take a look at these signs and symptoms of depression:

  • A depressed mood.
  • A loss of sexual desire.
  • Reduced pleasure or interest in actions once enjoyed.
  • Unplanned weight loss or gain.
  • Agitation, restlessness, and pacing up and down.
  • Slowed movement and speech.
  • Changes in appetite.
  • Sleeping too much or too little.
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
  • Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisions.
  • Fatigue or loss of energy.
  • Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide or an attempt at suicide.

What Are the Causes?

It’s hard to say what the exact causes of depression are. That’s because the medical community does not fully understand the causes of depression. But, there could be many possible causes, and sometimes, various factors combine to trigger symptoms like:

  • Genetic features.
  • Environmental factors.
  • Changes in the brain’s neurotransmitter levels.
  • Additional conditions, such as bipolar disorder.
  • Psychological and social factors.

What Are the Treatments?

So, you have the symptoms, now what? Well, psychotherapy may help you manage symptoms of depression. However, depression is treatable, and managing symptoms usually involves three components, which are:

Support

This can range from discussing practical solutions and possible causes to educating family members.

Psychotherapy

It is also known as talking therapy; some options include one-to-one counseling and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Drug Treatment

A doctor may prescribe antidepressants.

What Could Trigger Depression?

There are many factors that could trigger your depression. It could be emotional, psychological, or physical events or circumstances that can cause depression symptoms to appear or return. Let’s take look at the most common triggers:

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  • Incomplete recovery after having stopped treatment too soon.
  • Stressful life events, such as loss, family conflicts, and changes in relationships.
  • Medical conditions, such as obesity, heart disease, and diabetes.

Conclusion

I hope now you have a good idea of what depression is and what are its causes, symptoms, and how you can treat it. Now, if you want to treat depression quickly, then go to the MAO inhibitor guide.

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